The CE marking is a mandatory conformity marking for certian products sold with the European Economic Area (EEA) and is the manufacturer's declaration that the product meets the requirements of the applicable EC directives.
Under the Machinery Directive of the CE, machinery and industrial equipment manufactured outside the European Economic Area but seeking to be distributed and sold within the EEA must meet CE requirements.
CE marking is mandatory for certain product groups distributed within the European Economic Area (EEA; the 28 member states of the EU plus EFTA countries Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein, plus Turkey). The process for achieving CE marking requires a conformity assessment by the manufacturer, an electromagnetic comprehensiveness technical file and a signed EC declaration of conformity.
MD - Machinery Directive
EMC Directive - Electromagnetic compatibility
LVD - Low Voltage Directive
Noise Directive - Noise Emissions by equipment for use outdoors
PED - Pressure Equipment Directive
SPVD - Simple Pressure Vessels Directive
ATEX Directive - Equipment and protective systems in potentially explosive atmospheres
Engineers from TÜV SÜD Product Service's Machinery Evaluation group can assist you in understanding the impact of these directives as part of the evaluation of your equipment to the Machinery Directive. If Notified Body involvement is required, we can guide you through the process.
Machinery Directive (98/37/EC)
Applies to machinery and process equipment with moving parts. You might be producing a type of machinery for which the directive requires a Notified Body to perform a rigorous "type-examination", or you might be producing a machine type that requires a less formal process in which a TÜV evaluation to the Essential Requirements can be the basis of your self-declaration.
EMC Directive (2004/108/EC)
Demonstrating conformance to the requirements of this directive for electromagnetic disturbances, particularly for large equipment, requires the oversight of a Notified Body such as TÜV SÜD Product Service. Our EMC test facilities and affiliations are located across the United States to make it easy to bring your products to the lab for testing or bring the lab to your product (for larger equipment).
Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC)
Addresses hazardous voltage levels. There are several hundred standards published that may be used to demonstrate your electrical machinery conforms to this directive. Conformance is typically verified using an appropriate electrical design standard such as EN 60204, Safety of Machinery - Electrical Equipment of Machines or EN 61010, Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use.
Noise Directive (2000/14/EC)
Titled "DIRECTIVE 2000/14/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the noise emission in the environment by equipment for use outdoors," applies to "equipment for use outdoors" indicating all machinery, which is either self-propelled or can be moved and contributes to environmental noise pollution. (Refer to products listed in Articles 12 and 13 and defined in Annex I.) . All equipment subject to this directive must bear the CE Marking as a sign of conformity with the directive's requirements.
Pressure Equipment Directives
There are CE Marking directives related to pressure systems that may also be applicable to your machinery: the Pressure Equipment Directive and the Simple Pressure Vessel Directive. TÜV SÜD America provides Notified Body services for the Pressure Equipment Directives through its parent company Group TÜV Süddeutschland Bau und Betrieb GmbH.
Pressure Equipment Directive (97/23/EC)
The most applicable to industrial machines and processing equipment, and yet most manufacturers are unaware of its impact and requirements. It became a mandatory requirement for equipment entering the European Union on May 29th, 2002. If the machinery you produce contains gas or liquid systems operating above 0.5 bar (approximately 7.25 psi) you should investigate the application of this directive. It is likely that many of the components encompassed within your equipment will not require any rigorous assessment, but there will be a few components that may require the involvement of a Notified Body.
Simple Pressure Vessel Directive (87/404/EEC)
Less commonly an issue. Although it is has the same pressure threshold of 0.5 bar, it is focused only on vessels containing air or nitrogen that have a very simple method of construction. You should be aware of this directive whether you manufacture simple pressure vessels or utilize them in your machinery.